SUBMIT A REVIEW Custom Services order now ship next day

Knobs-in-holes Bispecific Antibody (KIH BsAb)

Creative Biolabs provides a reasonable and high-quality knobs-in-holes (KIH) design strategy for bispecific antibody (BsAb) developing service tailored to your needs.

Schematic diagram of KIH BsAb generation Figure: Schematic diagram of KIH BsAb generation ( Mabs, 2013)

The knobs-into-holes technique is suitable for heterodimerization immunoglobulin heavy (H) chains with amino acid (AA) changes, which can overcome the mispairing problem. In order to overcome the impurity problem in tri-functional antibody production process, experts from Creative Biolabs introduce a knob into the CH3 of one antibody and a corresponding hole into the CH3 of the other antibody via the alteration of AA respectively. We then co-transfect these constructs encoding all four chains either into E.coli or mammalian cells such as human embryonic kidney (HEK) cells. We can also provide glycosylated, functional and competent heterodimeric antibodies after the expression step in mammalian host.

Creative Biolabs scientists have successfully established a series of different approaches to produce various bispecific antibodies according to client's requirements.


  1. Shatz et al., Knobs-into-holes antibody production in mammalian cell lines reveals that asymmetric afucosylation is sufficient for full antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity. Mabs, 2013, 5(6):872-881.

For research use only. Not intended for any clinical use.

Send Inquiry

This site is protected by reCAPTCHA and the Google Privacy Policy and Terms of Service apply.

© 2023 Creative Biolabs. All Rights Reserved.
  • 0
  • 0

    Go to compare