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This gene encodes a nuclear protein that contains a p53 binding domain at the N-terminus and a RING finger domain at the C-terminus, and shows structural similarity to p53-binding protein MDM2. Both proteins bind the p53 tumor suppressor protein and inhibit its activity, and have been shown to be overexpressed in a variety of human cancers. However, unlike MDM2 which degrades p53, this protein inhibits p53 by binding its transcriptional activation domain. This protein also interacts with MDM2 protein via the RING finger domain, and inhibits the latter's degradation. So this protein can reverse MDM2-targeted degradation of p53, while maintaining suppression of p53 transactivation and apoptotic functions. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been noted for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Feb 2011]
Protein class

Cancer-related genes, Human disease related genes

Predicted location


Single cell type specificity

Low cell type specificity

Immune cell specificity

Low immune cell specificity

Cell line specificity

Cell line enhanced (BEWO)


Interacts with MDM2 (PubMed:16163388, PubMed:19838211, PubMed:32300648). Interacts with TP53, TP73 and USP2. Found in a trimeric complex with USP2, MDM2 and MDM4. Interacts (phosphorylated) with YWHAG; negatively regulates MDM4 activity toward TP53.

More Types Infomation

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For Research Use Only. Not For Clinical Use.

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