This gene encodes a transcription factor that contains four zinc-finger motifs at the C-terminus and a proline/glutamine-rich DNA-binding domain at the N-terminus. It has an essential role in the normal development of the urogenital system, and it is mutated in a small subset of patients with Wilms tumor. This gene exhibits complex tissue-specific and polymorphic imprinting pattern, with biallelic, and monoallelic expression from the maternal and paternal alleles in different tissues. Multiple transcript variants have been described. In several variants, there is evidence for the use of a non-AUG (CUG) translation initiation codon upstream of, and in-frame with the first AUG. Authors of PMID:7926762 also provide evidence that WT1 mRNA undergoes RNA editing in human and rat, and that this process is tissue-restricted and developmentally regulated.
Protein class

Cancer-related genes, Disease related genes, Human disease related genes, Transcription factors

Predicted location


Single cell type specificity

Cell type enhanced (Endometrial stromal cells, Collecting duct cells, Endothelial cells, Granulosa cells, Late spermatids)

Immune cell specificity

Not detected in immune cells

Cell line specificity

Cell line enhanced (HEL, HMC-1, K-562, NB-4, THP-1)


Homodimer. Interacts with WTIP. Interacts with actively translating polysomes. Detected in nuclear ribonucleoprotein (mRNP) particles. Interacts with HNRNPU via the zinc-finger region. Interacts with U2AF2. Interacts with CITED2 (By similarity). Interacts with ZNF224 via the zinc-finger region. Interacts with WTAP and SRY. Interacts with AMER1. Interacts with RBM4.

Molecular function

DNA-binding, RNA-binding

More Types Infomation

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